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How coffee changed the world

Introduction

The current society categorizes coffee as a popular drink in most of the nations. When you take a morning sip of steaming coffee, you perhaps lack the understanding of the origin of coffee bean. The extended journey of the seed to the beverage. Also, the greatness of coffee as the world drink. Nevertheless, all the components of the seed are integral to the coffee. The world’s population cannot do without coffee. Long centuries of work in the firms and trade show the far the world has come with the improvement and popularity of coffee.

Discovery

Despite the fact that Brazil is the leading producer of coffee, the coffee seed first emerged from Ethiopia. The first people used to roast the bean and brew it. The news about coffee bean roasting spread to other countries in Asia and Europe. Presently, coffee is among the leading crops grown worldwide. Some communities solely practice coffee growing as the primary economic activity.

The spread of coffee

Currently, entrepreneurs have majored in establishing coffee houses in most of the towns in the countries. Notably, the holy city of Saudi Arabia hosted the first coffeehouses in Saudi Arabia. Research shows that nothing like such business had existed. The coffeehouses acted as public places. People gathered in the places to take coffee and hold discussions. Other reasons to hold meetings included the business discussions and enjoyed music. During the initial days, Saudi Arabia coffeehouses behaved vibrantly; pulsated with music and dancing performers. They gyrated to the rhythm and tone of Middle Eastern songs.

Presently, thousands of tourists from different parts of the world visited Arabia yearly and carried home the coffee beans. Despite the transfer of the coffee idea to other countries, Arabia citizens retained the coffee trade monopoly. The Imams restricted the trade of coffee to avoid the spread of the beans to other nations. Nevertheless, Dutch traders avoided the export boundaries. The circumvention of the Dutch traders changed the world in 1616.

When the coffee stepped out of Ethiopia, it spread to other regions of Europe and the Middle East. Reports show that it is a popular household commodity. After the colonization of America, the coffee bean became a major cash crop in some regions of Caribbean. Other places like South America supported the growth of the beans to earnest agriculture in the region.

Coffee as a global drink

Over the centuries the coffee beverage has gained popularity across the world. Statistics show that it is the worldly widely marketed tropical commodity. The International Coffee Organization recorded improved records of coffee planters across the world in recent years. During the year 2010, the global coffee group recruited about 26 million workers. Emerging countries produce about 93.4 million bags of coffee in the world. Between 2009 and 2010, some countries recorded an estimate of $15.4 billion. The global production of coffee is a focus to increase to around 149.8 million bags. Such records predict the growth of coffee industry and the ability to change the world.

The world’s demand and traditional acceptance of coffee beans made it preferred choice in the world’s beverage industry. The bean is a caffeine jolt. Experts say it took less time for coffee to explode the market than other products commonly produced in the farms. Historically, America boasts of the establishment of coffee cafes. Conversely, coffee houses emanated from the Middle East and spread to other parts of the country. Other nations adopted the business idea and as we speak coffee is globally recognized as a major beverage. It is changing the beverage industry all over the world.

Famous celebration parties incorporate coffee. Many people adopted the use of coffee as a simple drink during the celebrations. Statics show that America is the largest consumer of coffee globally. Americans spend a lot a lot of finances in the coffee industry. Major events help to translate the coffee perspective to among the nations. A fair trade in different States offers suitability view to the world. It is currently changing the world.

At present, coffee is highly used as a trade commodity in most of the economic markets. Working conditions in various nations rely on coffee growing as the major cash crop. Large agricultural plantations and firms employ many farmers to ensure improved lifestyle among the people in the society. Various parts of globe highly support the cultivation of coffee. Breeding of rich coffee variety improve the coffee business and facilitate economic stability. Such an effect is changing the world’s business aspect and also social status of the people.

Why is Coffee Bad for Pregnancy?

While you might love those sips of coffee every morning, is it the right choice for you? For many, it is our coffee that powers us through the day – and it’s something that you wouldn’t want to leave.In fact, caffeine addiction is a growing problem, and while it can reduce your physical fatigue, it can also mean more problems – especially if you are pregnant.Yes, coffee has been proven to be bad for pregnancy as well.Apart from making you more prone to mood swings, as well as impair your digestion abilities, it could also harm your baby.

Why is Coffee bad for pregnancy?

To be honest, it is not just coffee that we are looking at. There are a tons of food items that you need to avoid. Here is a look at what doesn’t work well for you if you are pregnant.

  •  Soft drinks
  •  Tea and coffee
  • Energy drinks
  • Chocolate products or any cocoa product

There are many other food items that contain coffee. Here is the problem – even if you are not drinking coffee, you are taking in caffeine. Even some medicines – like the ones associated with pain relief – contain caffeine in varying amounts.

With coffee, the amount of caffeine that you can take in a day reaches enormous proportions, which can mean that you might be taking in a lot more than you are anticipating – negatively affecting the growth of your child. You surely wouldn’t want that.

How Can Coffee Affect You During Pregnancy?

According to studies, coffee can cause the placenta to your baby when you are pregnant. While you can handle the caffeine in your coffee, your baby will not be able to, affecting its metabolism rate.

It doesn’t matter if you are taking less of caffeine – while it can help keep you awake and even relieve headaches – it also keeps your baby awake.

You need to be aware of what you consume, as it has been known that caffeine can cause birth defects. Numerous studies have proven it, and you may just be increasing the risk of reproductive problems.

While no studies have been done on humans yet, the results done on animals throws up some startling results.

That is not all.

Caffeine can also cause infertility, and potentially even cause miscarriages. In one study in 2008, researchers had women consume 200 mg of caffeine daily – it was seen that those who did had twice the probability of miscarriage than those who did not.

While other studies have remained inconclusive, it can be seen that there is a good chance that you should avoid caffeine when you are pregnant.

However, even if moderate amounts of caffeine may not be harmful to you, a large amount will certainly will. It is advisable to consume less of caffeine – according to experts, never more than 150 mg caffeine a day.

If you want to be truly on the safe side, avoid caffeine altogether when you are pregnant.

Should you go for decaffeinated coffee?

Well, we know you would really want to have coffee, but decaffeinated does not mean that you wouldn’t have to deal with caffeine any more. Instead, even if you drink a 16 ounce cup of decaffeinated coffee, you will get as much as 25 mg of caffeine – and you would likely want to avoid that.

What type of coffee should you choose?

A lot depends on the type of coffee you are drinking as well. For instance, if you are pregnant, you might want to go in for a latte. It does not have as much of caffeine as some of the other alternatives, offers you a lot of energy that can pull you through the day and more importantly, has a little bit of nutrients and proteins that you would need anyway during your pregnancy.

It is a win win for you, and something you should be looking at if you are going to have coffee.

However, there are some other alternatives to coffee too, that are just as healthy and can help you feel rejuvenated. For instance, you could try out Maca. This coffee alternative has all the goodness of a coffee, except the caffeine part. You would not have to worry about the safety of your newborn too, and work out your normal working hours without any problem.

 

The Amount of Caffeine in Black Tea versus Coffee

Caffeine is a pesticide that occurs naturally in tea, coffee and some other plant species including yerba mate, kola nuts, and cocoa. Caffeine is a chemical belonging to a group of chemicals called xanthine family. Caffeine is highly soluble in water and produces an infusion with a bitter taste. Coffee and tea are known to be the major dietary source of caffeine across the globe. When consumed in moderation, caffeine has beneficial aspects on the human body. It improves alertness, stimulates metabolism and improves mood by increasing the amount of dopamine in the body’s circulation.

Tea leaves have higher amounts of caffeine than coffee beans

Many people believe that coffee contains more caffeine than tea. However, the reverse is true. Based on dry matter, tea leaves have a higher caffeine content than an equal amount of coffee beans. The foliage of Camellia sinensis,the tea plant has more caffeine than the beans of any species of coffee plant. However, when brewed for consumption, coffee has higher caffeine that steeped tea.

Brewed coffee has higher caffeine content than steeped tea

When brewed, a cup of coffee has a higher concentration of caffeine than a cup of tea. Coffee is a stronger drink compared to tea, which is mild. Comparing the two beverages, coffee appears darker while you can see the bottom of a cup containing black tea. Coffee contains about double the amount of caffeine in tea. The caffeine content in coffee as a beverage is between 95 and 200 mg per cup. In black tea, it is between 14 and 70 mg per cup.

Factors that influence the amount of caffeine in coffee

  • Type of coffee beans

There are different varieties of coffee beans available in the market. The coffee varieties naturally differ in the amounts of caffeine they contain. The Robusta coffee concentrates roughly twice the amount of caffeine in Arabica variety.

  • Roasting style

Coffee that undergoes light roasting contains more concentration of caffeine than coffee that undergoes dark roasting. However, dark roasts yield a deep coffee flavor.

  • Type of coffee

The levels of content differ significantly among the different kinds of coffee,i.e., Regular brewed coffee, instant coffee, decaf coffee, and espresso.

  • Brewed coffee/Regular coffee

Brewed coffee is the most common coffee way of making coffee. Here hot or boiling water is poured over ground coffee beans held in a sieve. The amount of caffeine in a cup (8 oz.) of brewed coffee ranges from 70 – 140 mg.

  • Espresso

Preparation of espresso entails forcing a small volume of hot water through finely crushed coffee beans. Espresso contains more caffeine per volume compared to brewed coffee. Because of the small servings, espresso may have low amounts of caffeine per serving. A single shot of espresso (30 – 50 ml or 1 – 1.75 oz.) may concentrate about 63 mg of caffeine.

  • Instant coffee

Preparation of instant coffee involves dissolving in hot water brewed coffee that has been freeze-dried. A cup of instant coffee may dissolve one or two teaspoons of dried coffee in hot water. Instant coffee has lower caffeine levels than regular coffee. A cup can contain about 30 – 90 mg caffeine content.

  • Decaf coffee

The name may be misleading because decaf coffee is not absolutely caffeine free. A cup of decaf coffee may concentrate about 0 – 7 mg of caffeine. However, this amount can go higher depending on the method of decaffeination, type of coffee and serving size.

  • Serving size

A cup of coffee can contain 30 – 700ml of coffee, which affects the cumulative amount of caffeine in a serving.

Factors that impact the amount of caffeine in tea

  • Region of cultivation

Where tea is grown has a significant impact on the amount of caffeine in tea leaves. The region, soil condition, climate, and pests can affect the amount of caffeine in tea leaves. Caffeine is a natural pest repellant, and some theories claim that stress caused by pest can stimulate the production of more caffeine by a plant.

  • Type of tea

Black tea can contain between 14 and 17 mg of caffeine per 8 oz. cup.

Contrary to the popular notion, decaffeinated tea is not entirely caffeine free. The caffeine content in decaffeinated black tea can range from 0 – 12 mg per 8 oz. cup.

  • Brewing style

The brewing techniques and styles have a significant influence on the levels of caffeine in tea. The water temperature and brewing time affect the caffeine content in your cup of tea. Using very hot or boiling water and soaking tea leaves for an extended period yields more caffeine. Your tea infusion will have little caffeine levels when you use water at a lower temperature and soak leaves for a short time.

Caffeine in tea varies a bit. The longer you steep tea or tea bag in hot water, the more caffeine in your drink. On average black tea contains about 22 to 28mg of caffeine per gram of dried matter. The FDA quantifies as 47mg/8 oz. the amount of caffeine in tea.

  • Ratio of tea leaves to water

The higher the ratio of tea leaves to water, the more caffeine content in your cup of tea.

  • Tea variety

The amount of caffeine in tea differs with the tea type. The assamica has higher levels of caffeine than any other kind of tea. The white tea varieties contain lower amounts of caffeine.

  • Tea grown in shade

Tea grown under shady conditions often has higher amounts of caffeine than tea grown in open sunlight.

  • Level of grinding

Powdered tea is usually high in caffeine. The reason is you consume the whole leaf instead of leaf infusion. Partakers consume all the caffeine in the leaf rather than a portion of it.

Broken tea leaves will yield more caffeine into your infusion compared to whole leaves. Tea bags, for example, contain crushed leaves, and thus they tend to impart higher amounts of caffeine in tea.

  • Method of fertilization

Fertilization with nitrogenous fertilizer increases the amount of caffeine in the leaves of tea.

  • Tea leaves vs. buds

The levels of caffeine are higher in the buds of tea plants and the young first leaf. The concentrations progressively decrease as you move from the bud towards the stem of the plant. Tea processed wholly from the buds of tea plant contains a higher percentage of caffeine than tea from the third or fourth leaves.

How Coffee is Roasted

Ever wondered why the coffee at your friend’s place tastes lively than that one you buy often in the store? Well, the reason might be who and how the coffee beans were roasted. Your friend might have roasted the beans himself which makes his coffee taste a little different from that one you bought in the store. Home roasted beans have an improved flavor and are fresher than the coffee from the store. Here is how to roast your coffee beans for a home-made refreshing brew.

First, you need grasp the roasting basics. There are characteristics you need to put in into your mind before roasting your coffee beans because they tend to influence the decision on when to stop the roasting process.

  1. Be mindful of the smell. Carefully note the color change while roasting. The beans first turn yellowish and then they begin emitting a grassy-like smell. They eventually start smelling like coffee with prolonged heating. Stop the heating process at this stage.
  2. The more you roast, the more the color change. Green coffee begins transitioning through many colors until they are sufficiently roasted. They tend to transition in this order: green, light-brown, light-medium brown, full-medium brown, medium-dark brown, dark brown, and very dark
  3. Pay attention to the crackling sound. As you heat the beans, water evaporates with a crackling sound. When crackling subsides, know that your beans are fully roasted.

Method 1: Using the oven

Roasting the coffee beans in an oven has one setback and one benefit. The lack of air flow in the ovens can result to the uneven roasting of your beans. But lack of air flow increases the rich flavor when the oven is appropriately used.

Step 1: Preheat the oven to 450 Fahrenheit (232 degrees). Prepare the beans and the pan while the oven is heating. You will need a baking sheet which has small holes in it. The baking sheet serves to keep the beans on the pan during the whole roasting process.

Step 2: Spread the beans on the pan. Pour your beans on the sheet in such a way that they form a single layer over the pan – close enough but not overlapping. Place the baking sheet together with the beans in the oven’s middle rack once it is preheated.

Step 3: Roast your beans in the duration of between 15 to 20 minutes. Remember to listen for the cracking sound as the water evaporates. Stir the beans once in a while for an even roasting.

Step 4: Remove your beans from the oven. When the cracking sound in Step 3 stops, it signifies that the beans are now fully roasted. Remove them immediately from the oven to prevent scorching. Pour them in an expansive metal container to help them cool down. Stir them while in the container for even cooling. Cooling the beans this way also removes chaff.

Method 2: Using the popcorn popper

The best way to roast your coffee beans on the stove is to use a popcorn popper. The popcorn popper enlarges the beans but significantly reduces the aroma.

Step 1: Place the empty popcorn popper on the stove. Adjust the heat to medium (450 Fahrenheit’s, 232 degrees Celsius).

Step 2: Add your coffee beans in the popper. Roast few ounces of the beans at a time (preferably 8 ounces each time). Close the lid of the popper and turn the crank handle. Stir them after few minutes for even roasting.

Step 3: Listen for the cracking sound. Normally, it takes between 4 to 7 minutes for the crackling noise to begin. A cracking sound indicates that your beans are beginning to roast. Around this time, the beans begin emitting rich aroma smoke. Switch on the hood fan of your oven open the windows to let the smoke out. Sit and wait until the beans begin to crackle.

Step 4: Frequently check the color of your beans. When you finally hear the beans crackle, wait for one minute and begin checking the color. When the beans reach the color of your choice, pour them into a large metal container while stirring to cool them down.

Conclusion

There are many other methods of roasting beans. However, the process of roasting coffee beans hardly changes; it involves roasting, noting the smell, checking the color and then cooling the beans. But the method you choose can have an impact on the taste of your coffee. Methods that allow air flow makes the beans lose the aroma while the air tight methods trap the air thus retaining the aroma.

Why iced coffee is better?

Wondering why iced coffee tastes better?

Are you one of those who like their coffee hot?

You may want to reconsider your preferences as iced coffee has been proven to be more beneficial than a steaming cup of caffeine. Are you wondering why?

Let’s get a closer look.

Iced coffee doesn’t just offer you the goodness of a regular coffee but a lot more. It can help you stay refreshed but that’s not just it – it’s also one of the better stress busters out there.

Benefits of Iced Coffee

Cold brewed iced coffees have enough evidences to show that they are healthier than hot ones. You might be surprised knowing what a cold brewed coffee actually does to you.

Helps your Digestive System

When you heat coffee beans, they end up releasing more acidic oils in the drink. In comparison, cold brewed coffees are known to be less acidic, almost about 1/3 of that of hot coffee.

Less acid means a more alkaline state which is beneficial for the body and processes like digestions.

Preserves Health Benefits

Caffeine has some proven health benefits which keep coming up in the discussions of avid coffee drinkers from time to time.

If you hot brew a coffee, all those are washed down the drain. So iced brewing is the way to go!

Scientifically Proven to Taste Better

What we discussed about the acidic nature of hot coffee is also responsible for ruining the natural taste of coffee. When you make your coffee using high temperatures the levels of acid and oils increase resulting in a bitter taste. Their fast oxidization creates that nasty sourness in your brew.

But cold brewing eliminates all such bitterness and acidity. They are sweeter and retain the natural taste and flavor of the coffee beans.

Now you know what to order next time with your sandwich!

Save Thy Tongue and Skin!

“Ouch!” “Yikes…”

How many times have your burnt your tongue sipping a cup of coffee with volcanic temperatures? Spilling some on your bare skin is also not a pleasant experience and you can even get some burns!

Now consider the same scenario with cold iced coffee-

Maybe a little washing with water to get the sticky coffee off your skin; and your tongue never feels the brunt!

Saves your Money

You don’t need a coffee maker, electricity or even fire to make some cold coffee.

Just leave the coffee grounds in a jar or bowl of water for the night. Strain the mixer in the morning, pour it over some ice and your cup of world class iced coffee is prepared to perfection!

It even saves you the money and trips to Starbucks!

Store it Happily!

You cannot drink a cup of hit brewed coffee when it gets cold within a short time. What a waste!

Did you know that you can store your cold brew coffee for up to 10 days? It won’t even lose its taste!

Nothing is better than chilling with a mug of iced coffee when you know it’s thousand times better than hot ones!

 

Latte versus Espresso

The Popularity of Latte and Espresso Beverages

Latte and espresso beverages lend themselves well to comparisons partly because they are featured together so frequently, even though they certainly could not be regarded as opposites. People will often see latte and espresso beverages grouped together. Coffee experts and fans will tend to rate both of these beverages very well. Espresso and latte beverages are perceived as genuinely high-quality by almost everyone who really takes coffee seriously. However, that doesn’t mean that these two beverages are similar in other ways.

Espresso

Espresso itself is basically just a form of very strongly flavored black coffee. It tends to have a very rich flavor compared to many of the other types of coffee that are available. People who drink espresso often want to taste the rich flavor, and they will typically just drink it without any sugar or milk added to it.

In some cases, people will add some token amounts of sugar and milk, but they still will not add enough to really take away from the flavor. When people get espresso beverages served to them, they will just get the coffee itself unless they request some milk or sugar. Anyone who gets an espresso typically likes coffee for its own sake.

Espresso is very strongly caffeinated unless people specifically get a decaffeinated version. In many cases, this will not be possible at coffeehouses. People tend to think of espresso as embodying the characteristics of coffee, but to a particularly powerful degree. They don’t want any of those characteristics blunted.

Latte

A cafe latte is usually made with espresso. Its other ingredients include steamed milk and milk foam. Espresso is the base, and people could say that it is one of the ingredients. In fact, people could say that the ultimate difference between a latte and espresso that’s served separately is that in one case, the espresso is served by itself and in the other case, the espresso has milk and milk foam added to it. Fans of espresso that’s served by itself will tend to view cafe lattes in that way.

In terms of the flavor, a cafe latte will be completely different from an espresso that is served on its own. Cafe lattes tend to have a very mild flavor. People will tend to taste the coffee slightly, but the sharp flavor of the espresso will be blunted by the milk. The milk foam will also have a way of completely changing the texture. People will tend to associate cafe lattes with the milk foam in spite of the fact that the foam will tend to dissipate very quickly.

A cafe latte will give people a lot of the benefits associated with espresso. They will certainly get all of the caffeine of espresso. They will still get some of the sharp flavor, in spite of the fact that the milk will tend to make it seem duller. However, some people find that espresso is just too bitter on its own rather than rich, and the milk of a cafe latte will give them the best of both worlds.

Coffee Fans and Coffee Beverages

There are different schools of thought about the appreciation of coffee. Most of the different coffee drinks out there will tend to use espresso coffee as a base, even if they are otherwise full of chocolate, milk, foam, and a lot of other ingredients.

There are some coffee fans who object to adding almost anything to espresso, even in the case of a cafe latte. They think that people should learn to appreciate coffee for its own sake, since coffee is often an acquired taste.

Other coffee fans believe that coffee can add something special to many different beverages, but that it does not necessarily have to be the sole ingredient of a beverage. They like the interactions between coffee and other ingredients.

Some coffee fans will argue that a cafe latte is more or less just milk. However, pure milk and cafe lattes still taste very different, and the espresso really does add something that is truly special. Ultimately, the people who like pure espresso and the people who like cafe lattes both like espresso, and the two beverages are not so different.

How Coffee Is Grown

Coffee Planting

The unique nature of coffee is clear even at the planting stage. Coffee beans are more specifically known as seeds. Coffee beans that had not been processed would actually be capable of growing into coffee trees. In coffee production, there are shaded nurseries with large beds full of coffee seeds that require a great deal of attention.

All of these seedlings need a lot of water. They are also not strong enough to get a great deal of sunlight, which is why they need shade. Only a few hours of heavy direct sunlight could destroy the plant, since coffee tends to get grown in areas that get a lot of sun.

The planting process itself will usually occur during the wet season. Coffee is grown in countries that have separate rainy and dry seasons in many cases. Digging holes is easier during the wet season. The moist soil makes it a lot easier for the roots to spread.

Harvest

Coffee trees take around four years to actually produce the fruit that’s necessary for the next phase. The trees themselves will last around twenty-five to thirty years. The resultant coffee cherries are harvested on an annual basis in areas where coffee is grown. Sometimes, this process involves a lot of mechanization. In other countries, the coffee cherries are actually picked manually.

The coffee cherries are literally removed from the branches in some fashion, at any rate. The coffee cherries go through a very selective picking process at this point, where the coffee cherries that are not ripe enough are ultimately excluded. People should be able to get between one and two pounds of roasted coffee as a finished product from a single coffee tree in a given year.

Processing

The coffee cherries are very vulnerable to spoilage at this point, and they need to be processed using some method. In some cases, the coffee cherries will be processed using old-fashioned drying methods. Drying them in the sun is popular in some areas. Other methods involve taking the pulp out of the coffee cherry and then drying the beans specially.

The wet method of processing the coffee beans might add some steps to the process, because they will still have to be dried. Wet processed coffee will need to have its parchment layer removed. The silver skin needs to be removed from the beans during the polishing stage of the process. The coffee beans are selected according to their appearance and size after the processing stage.

The roasting stage is next, but the coffee has to be prepared for it in other ways. They often have to be shipped to another location for this step. After milling, the beans are referred to as green coffee. Before the roasting stage, there are lots of different quality control processes that help to ensure that only the best coffee will actually be roasted. Some of these quality control processes will occur as the coffee beans are being processed themselves.

There are actually special rooms for special employees called cuppers to taste and evaluate the quality of the coffee at this stage. The coffee is evaluated for its scent, appearance, and many other factors that will help to determine its suitability for the roasting stage.

Roasting

The coffee beans basically get cooked at the roasting stage. They will be cooked at different temperatures depending on many different factors. If a roast is mild, then the coffee beans were cooked less. The coffee beans that were cooked the most will often taste almost burnt, and this gives them a very strong flavor.

However, since the beans are always in motion during this process, they are never going to actually get burned at any point. Some of them will just be exposed to more heat than others. After the roasting process, the green coffee will actually start to look and smell the way it does in stores ultimately.

Some of the roasted coffee will be sold as is in the form of full coffee beans that people will have to grind themselves. In other cases, the roasted coffee will be ground up, and the grounds themselves will be sold. It’s the consumers who do the brewing process that transforms beans and grounds into a coffee beverage.

5 Fave Iced Coffee Hacks

Coffee can not only be enjoyed as a hot drink but it is now made in a variety of iced drinks which is loved by everyone.
This video teaches you 5 amazing iced coffee hacks for a perfect cup of iced coffee at home.